Glossary of Internet Terms
Address: Online could refer to an e-mail address (firstname.lastname@example.org)
for routing e-mail messages, an IP (22.214.171.124) the computer's ID, or
URL (http://www.address.com) the location of a website.
Browser: An application that allows visitors to see the contents of a
Active Server Pages (ASP): MicroSoft's server side scripting language,
for building dynamic web sites. Works with a variety of databases, and
sessions, and cookies.
CGI (Common Gateway Interface) script: An application that the server
runs at specific times. For example, when a visitor connects to a server,
the server might open a CGI script that displays a form the visitor fills
out, and then sends the data to a storage area.
rollover buttons, scrolling text, simple form validation. The scripts are
sent with the web page, and should not contain critical information such
Domain type: The suffix of a Web site that identifies the type of
content the Web site contains or what kind of organization the site is
associated with (such as "com" for commercial, "edu" for education,
"gov" for government, and "org" for a nonprofit organization).
Home page: The first HTML document displayed when a visitor connects
to a Web server.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): A method for preparing text
files so they can display content and link to other files on the World
Internet: The massive global network of interconnected computers
and communications hardware and software that links World Wide
Web sites and other services, such as email, discussion groups,
and FTP servers.
Internet service provider (ISP): A company that provides direct
access to the Internet. The ISP usually has fast, dedicated connections
to Internet services and multiple modems to which individual users
connect over phone lines. When you establish an account with an ISP,
the company provides the information and basic software you need to
set up your computer for Internet access.
Intranet: A network-based collection of Web servers and sites,
usually located within one company or other organization.
IP address: IP is short for Internet Protocol, a way of specifying how
information is transferred across computer networks. The IP address,
which identifies a specific computer, consists of a 4- to 12-digit
number separated into four sections by periods (126.96.36.199).
MIME type: Information associated with a file on a Web server. The
MIME type tells the server, and the Web browsers of any connected
users, what the file type of the file is, and which application to use
to open the file. (MIME is an acronym for Multipurpose Internet Mail
Modem: A device that enables your computer to communicate with
another computer over ordinary telephone lines. A modem converts
digital information into the analog signals used on most phone lines.
Network: An interconnected group of computers that use specialized
software and hardware to share and transfer data.
Server-side scripts: These are small programs that run on the server,
adding functionality to the web site. Because of thier power, they are
kept on the server, so that vital security info is not easily available.
Preprocessed hypertext protocol (PHP): Opensource server-side
scripting language for building dynamic web sites. PHP is the my
language of choice for it's power, security, and ease of use.
Port: A number representing the kind of level at which two
devices communicate; the level must be the same for both devices
for communication to occur. For example, Web servers and browsers
communicate using HTTP, which runs on port 80. In Personal Web
Sharing, the port is the address of the Web folder on your computer.
TCP/IP network connection: Abbreviation for Transfer Control
Protocol /Internet Protocol, a way of specifying how information is
transferred over the Internet (by means of a network connection).
URL (Uniform Resource Locator): The "address" or location of a
Web site or other Internet service.
Web page: Any HTML document on a Web server.
Web server: A computer running software that shares HTML and other
files by means of the Internet or an intranet.
Web site: A collection of HTML files and other content that visitors
access by means of a URL and view with a Web browser.